Category: Geology

Geology matters 3 – working stone

By Dr Martha Johnson Certain rocks have always been collected on archaeological sites – stone tools and implements that are classified as “Worked Stone”. They are meticulously assessed for aspects of work, how they...

Geology matters 2 – Orkney rocks!

By Dr Martha Johnson The majority of Orkney’s rocks are sedimentary, specifically clastic sedimentary rocks.  These are formed from the compression of particles –  clasts – of eroded rock materials. Orkney’s sedimentary rocks were...

Ness of Brodgar Polished Stone Artefacts

Geology matters 1 – why rock?

By Dr Martha Johnson Archaeology concerns itself with the study of past people and cultures. It involves the examination of the physical remains of these cultures – their materials, objects and structures. Depending on...